difference between military explosives and efficient explosives

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Material Harm: Military and commercial explosive materials ...

Military-grade explosives, such as plastic explosives like Semtex and conventional military ordnance like artillery shells and landmines, can be used to construct IEDs. These weapons, which contaminate wide areas long after hostilities have ceased, can post a grave threat to civilians in and of themselves, and are often recycled by non- state ...

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Differences Between Improvised and Military Explosive ...

Therefore the difference in gravitational weight between military and improvised explosive devices can result in up to 45% reduction in explosive weight. 2. Velocity of detonation. Detonation velocity is one of the most important factors in assessing the peak blast pressure and impulses.

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Military Explosives Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Military Explosives. Military Explosives. 12.1 OBJECTIVES AND INTRODUCTION. ... One of the basic properties by which a weapon's effectiveness is measured is the quantity of energy, and thus damage potential, it delivers to the target. ... Since the heat of formation of a compound is the net difference between the heat content of the ...

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Review on Explosion Events - A Comparison of Military and ...

Abstract. Some comparisons and distinctions between commercial explosives and those o military use result in the statement that these are very different in type, but quite simila with respect to explosive

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Chapter 8 BLAST DESIGN

Explosive efficiency is the ratio of the amount of energy released to the calculated thermochemical energy. Emulsions are highly efficient explosives, due primarily to their microscopic particle size. In contrast, explosives with varying particle size, such as ANFO or water gels, will not have a uniform burning rate, and therefore, will

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What is a high explosive?

Apr 01, 2017  Low explosives are mixtures of chemicals that burn very rapidly, but subsonically (as opposed to supersonically), meaning that they “deflagrate.” They consist typically of fuel and an oxidizer. The black powder used in fireworks is one example of a low explosive. Black powder burns very quickly, but to get it to go bang, we have to contain it.

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Explosive - Wikipedia

An explosive (or explosive material) is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.An explosive charge is a measured quantity of explosive material, which may either be composed solely of one ingredient or be a mixture containing at least two ...

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What is the difference between high explosives and low ...

A high explosive detonates fairly easily producing a great amount of gas and releasing a lot of energy when it does so. An example of a high explosive would be nitroglycerin or acetone peroxide. You can set these explosives off by looking at them ...

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Differences Between Improvised and Military Explosive ...

Therefore the difference in gravitational weight between military and improvised explosive devices can result in up to 45% reduction in explosive weight. 2. Velocity of detonation. Detonation velocity is one of the most important factors in assessing the peak blast pressure and impulses.

More

High and low Explosives - Your source for military ...

Military explosives are divided into two general classes, high explosives and low explosives, according to their rate of decomposition. High Explosives High explosives are usually nitration products of organic substances, such as toluene, phenol, pentaerythritol, arnines, glycerin, and starch, and may be nitrogen -containing inorganic ...

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R.A. Rodriguez Chemistry of High Energy Materials

Relative effectiveness factor (R.E. factor): Measurement of an explosive's power for military purposese. It is used to compare an explosive's effectiveness relative to TNT by weight (TNT equivalent/kg or TNTe/kg). Detonation velocity (VoD): The velocity at which the shock wave front travels through a detonated explosive.

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Explosives - Compounds

Explosives - Injuries Bombs and explosions can cause unique patterns of injury seldom seen outside combat. The predominant post explosion injuries among survivors involve standard penetrating and ...

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Chapter 8 BLAST DESIGN

Explosive efficiency is the ratio of the amount of energy released to the calculated thermochemical energy. Emulsions are highly efficient explosives, due primarily to their microscopic particle size. In contrast, explosives with varying particle size, such as ANFO or water gels, will not have a uniform burning rate, and therefore, will

More

difference between military explosives and mining explosives

difference between military explosives and mining explosives. Explosives - Wikipedia. Most commercial mining explosives have detonation velocities ranging from 1800 ... It is perhaps best, then, to differentiate between the terms thermodynamically stable ... All standard military explosives may be considered to have a high degree of ...

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What is a high explosive?

Apr 01, 2017  Low explosives are mixtures of chemicals that burn very rapidly, but subsonically (as opposed to supersonically), meaning that they “deflagrate.” They consist typically of fuel and an oxidizer. The black powder used in fireworks is one example of a low explosive. Black powder burns very quickly, but to get it to go bang, we have to contain it.

More

The scientific foundation and efficacy of the use of ...

May 10, 2001  Table 1 is a representative, but not exhaustive, list of the typical mixtures of organic high explosives that include military explosives and industrial explosives. A variety of analytical techniques for the detection of small amount of explosives (picogram range and below) are available including instruments designed for explosive vapor detection (EVD) from objects.

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What is the difference between high and low explosives and ...

> What is the difference between high and low explosives and the difference between primary and secondary explosives? High explosives undergo a reaction that releases potential energy at a rate faster than the speed of sound. Low explosives relea...

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TNT equivalent - Wikipedia

TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion. The ton of TNT is a unit of energy defined by that convention to be 4.184 gigajoules, which is the approximate energy released in the detonation of a metric ton (1,000 kilograms) of TNT.In other words, for each gram of TNT exploded, 4184 joules (or one large Calorie = 1,000 ...

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Detonation and Combustion

Other high explosives of note: Picric Acid – First military high explosive, demonstrated by France in 1885. Notoriously volatile and difficult to handle. TNT – Developed by Alfred Nobel in 1860s, first used in a military application in 1902 (by Germany).

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Demystifying Explosives ScienceDirect

Abstract. This introductory chapter narrates how the field of explosives and propellants has undergone a transformation from the period the gunpowder was made by Chinese more than 2000 years ago to the present day when we talk about high-density, high-power explosives such as octanitrocubane.It gives a pen-picture of how the European chemists such as Alfred Nobel had to struggle in the ...

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Science - Explosives - StarDestroyer.Net

To illustrate the difference between low and high explosives, if you put a low explosive and a high explosive of the same energy density on a railroad track, the low explosive would send the track flying away in one piece while the high explosive would break it in half.

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High and low Explosives - Your source for military ...

Military explosives are divided into two general classes, high explosives and low explosives, according to their rate of decomposition. High Explosives High explosives are usually nitration products of organic substances, such as toluene, phenol, pentaerythritol, arnines, glycerin, and starch, and may be nitrogen -containing inorganic ...

More

Weapons and Explosives - U.S. Army

Military Operations and Training Videos; Ammunition and Explosives Storage and Handling . Some Leaders and Soldiers tend to think ammunition and explosives safety is for peacetime and is a low priority during theater operations. Actually, just the opposite is true.

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Blaster's Training Modules - Module 1 - Explosives

explosives manufacturers, and the military have developed many ignition, burn-rate, and detonation tests. Some commercial explosives with high fuel content may readily ignite and burn. In confined spaces, burning may lead to detonation. ANFO and water-based explosives such as water gels and emulsions are more difficult to ignite in the open.

More

Explosives - Compounds

Explosives - Injuries Bombs and explosions can cause unique patterns of injury seldom seen outside combat. The predominant post explosion injuries among survivors involve standard penetrating and ...

More

difference between military explosives and mining explosives

difference between military explosives and mining explosives. Explosives - Wikipedia. Most commercial mining explosives have detonation velocities ranging from 1800 ... It is perhaps best, then, to differentiate between the terms thermodynamically stable ... All standard military explosives may be considered to have a high degree of ...

More

The scientific foundation and efficacy of the use of ...

May 10, 2001  Table 1 is a representative, but not exhaustive, list of the typical mixtures of organic high explosives that include military explosives and industrial explosives. A variety of analytical techniques for the detection of small amount of explosives (picogram range and below) are available including instruments designed for explosive vapor detection (EVD) from objects.

More

Detonation and Combustion

Other high explosives of note: Picric Acid – First military high explosive, demonstrated by France in 1885. Notoriously volatile and difficult to handle. TNT – Developed by Alfred Nobel in 1860s, first used in a military application in 1902 (by Germany).

More

TACTICAL EXPLOSIVES SAFETYTACTICAL EXPLOSIVES

US Army Technical Center for Explosives Safety DSN 956-8737 or commercial (918) 420-8737 usarmy.mcalester.usamc.list.dac-es US Army Technical Center for Explosives Safety 2 The Cardinal Rule Expose: the minimum number of people to the minimum amount of explosives for the minimum amount of time Consistent with safe and efficient operations.

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What is the difference between high and low explosives and ...

> What is the difference between high and low explosives and the difference between primary and secondary explosives? High explosives undergo a reaction that releases potential energy at a rate faster than the speed of sound. Low explosives relea...

More

Science - Explosives - StarDestroyer.Net

To illustrate the difference between low and high explosives, if you put a low explosive and a high explosive of the same energy density on a railroad track, the low explosive would send the track flying away in one piece while the high explosive would break it in half.

More

Explosives and Detonators - Mining and Blasting

Sensitivity is a measure of the ease with which an explosive can be detonated by heat, friction or shock and of its ability to propagate that detonation. As described in section 3.1.2, modern commercial explosives can be grouped into two main categories according to their sensitivity, detonator sensitive explosives and blasting agents.

More

Different Types of Explosives Used in Mining

Sep 04, 2019  The Industrial Revolution carried discoveries in explosives and initiation technologies. A specialization principle, therefore, operates between the military and civil application of explosives thanks to new products economics, versatility, strength, precision or capability to be stored for long periods without significant deterioration.

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ENGINEERING FIELD FIRING EXERCISE B3L4258 STUDENT

mean the difference between mission accomplishment or failure. Using explosives requires much knowledge and responsibility, extensive and thorough planning, and, in some circumstances, patience. Importance The importance of a working knowledge of military explosives is demonstrated in the following synopsis from the book, The Bridge at Dong Ha.

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Weapons and Explosives - U.S. Army

Military Operations and Training Videos; Ammunition and Explosives Storage and Handling . Some Leaders and Soldiers tend to think ammunition and explosives safety is for peacetime and is a low priority during theater operations. Actually, just the opposite is true.

More

High and low Explosives - Your source for military ...

Military explosives are divided into two general classes, high explosives and low explosives, according to their rate of decomposition. High Explosives High explosives are usually nitration products of organic substances, such as toluene, phenol, pentaerythritol, arnines, glycerin, and starch, and may be nitrogen -containing inorganic ...

More

The Environmental Challenge of Military Munitions and ...

Dec 04, 2020  The Military Munitions Rule provides that “explosives or munitions emergency response specialists base any determination of the need for an emergency action upon an ‘actual or potential immediate threat to human health, including safety, or the environment, including property."

More

Detonation and Combustion

Other high explosives of note: Picric Acid – First military high explosive, demonstrated by France in 1885. Notoriously volatile and difficult to handle. TNT – Developed by Alfred Nobel in 1860s, first used in a military application in 1902 (by Germany).

More

TACTICAL EXPLOSIVES SAFETYTACTICAL EXPLOSIVES

US Army Technical Center for Explosives Safety DSN 956-8737 or commercial (918) 420-8737 usarmy.mcalester.usamc.list.dac-es US Army Technical Center for Explosives Safety 2 The Cardinal Rule Expose: the minimum number of people to the minimum amount of explosives for the minimum amount of time Consistent with safe and efficient operations.

More

Different Types of Explosives Used in Mining

Sep 04, 2019  The Industrial Revolution carried discoveries in explosives and initiation technologies. A specialization principle, therefore, operates between the military and civil application of explosives thanks to new products economics, versatility, strength, precision or capability to be stored for long periods without significant deterioration.

More

Military Explosives (Chapter 1) Flashcards by Mike Doritos ...

Study Military Explosives (Chapter 1) flashcards from Mike Doritos's class online, ... R.E stands for Relative Effectiveness which represents a measurement of an explosive’s power compared to TNT 2 3. What are the four common types of Block demolition charge? ... Is there any difference between commercial dynamite and military dynamite?

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Explosives and its classification - SlideShare

Nov 15, 2019  It is explosive of its own but forms a part of many commercial / military explosives i.e amatol and ammonal . 41Hritik Kumar Easha Das (DHGSU) 42. TRINITROTOLUENE 42Hritik Kumar Easha Das (DHGSU) 43. iii.) PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE (PETN) It is and extremely sensitive , powerful and standard military explosive .

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Explosives and Detonators - Mining and Blasting

Sensitivity is a measure of the ease with which an explosive can be detonated by heat, friction or shock and of its ability to propagate that detonation. As described in section 3.1.2, modern commercial explosives can be grouped into two main categories according to their sensitivity, detonator sensitive explosives and blasting agents.

More

forensic science chapter 14 explosives Flashcards Quizlet

military high explosives include. RDX, TNT and PETN. ... What is the difference between low explosives and high explosives? Low explosives are explosives with a velocity of detonation less than 1,000 meters per second. High explosives are an explosive with a velocity of detonation greater than 1,000 meters per second.

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Blaster's Training Modules - Module 1 - Explosives

explosives manufacturers, and the military have developed many ignition, burn-rate, and detonation tests. Some commercial explosives with high fuel content may readily ignite and burn. In confined spaces, burning may lead to detonation. ANFO and water-based explosives such as water gels and emulsions are more difficult to ignite in the open.

More

HAZARD CLASSIFICATION OF UNITED STATES MILITARY

1361 Depth Charges and Components, Explosive 1365 Military Chemical Agents. vi 1367 Tactical Sets, Kits, and Outfits Note: A collection of items, which are used for a specific purpose. Each collection must include at least one item of ordnance classified in Group 13. Ordnance may be non-lethal (as defined in the Department of

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LANDMINES, EXPLOSIVE REMNANTS OF WAR AND IED

2 Acknowledgements 5 Introduction 6 The threat 9 1.1 Landmines 11 1.2 Unexploded ordnance 19 1.3 Abandoned ordnance 32 1.4 Improvised explosive devices and booby traps 33 Recognizing dangerous areas 37 2.1 Warning signs 38 2.2 Warning clues 42 2.3 Signs of fighting or military activity 45 2.4 Signs in the environment, dead animals and unusual objects 49

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Military Explosives (Chapter 1) Flashcards by Justin Lee ...

R.E stands for Relative Effectiveness which represents a measurement of an explosive’s power. R.E factor is determined by how much of that particular explosive would be required to complete the same job as TNT (TNT has an R.E factor of 1.00)

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